Parallels of Restoration
Patriarchs and Holy Caliphs to the True Parents
Years Under the Judges
400 Years Under the Church Patriarchs (392-800)
Period of Holy Caliphs (632-661)
Following the Jewish 400
years of slavery in Egypt and the death of Prophet Moses,
came the Period of Judges, which lasted for 400 years. Restitution
for the Period of Judges was made by the period of Church
Patriarchs and by the Period of Holy Caliphs.
Comparable to the military
efforts of Joshua and the activity of the Hebrew leaders
known as judges, was the rule of the first four Muslim caliphs:
Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali. From the Biblical book of
Judges we learn the Jewish leaders took 400 years to solidify
Israel's precarious hold on Canaan. Like Joshua, Gideon
and Samson, the first four Moslem caliphs were men of righteousness
living in an age of war. Life was hard and often harsh.
Through their military victories they extended the Kingdom
of Islamic rule, nearly from the borders of India to the
borders of Spain. Likewise, after their triumph over the
Roman Empire, the Christians moved rapidly across the European
continent and, facilitated by the Germanic tribes who were
taking refue within the confines of the Roman Empire, they
quickly spread the teachings of Jesus throughout the Roman
Empire and other parts of the world.
The characteristic duties
of the judges, the church patriarchs, and the caliphs were
very similar - to lead the faithful believers of the word.
Most of the judges were prophets - they acted as both chief
religious leaders and kings. The Christian patriarchs (bishops)
performed similar roles - they acted as both chief religious
leaders and kings in the main cities of the Roman Empire.
Each of the Holy Caliphs assumed the responsibility of a
prophet - they acted as both the chief religious leader
and king of the newly formed Islamic Empire. During this
time the political and economic system
120 Year Period
of the United Kingdom
120 Year Period of the United Christian Kingdom (800-918
120 Year Period of the
United Islamic Kingdom (661-747 A.D.)
|Note: The time periods
in Islamic Restoration are not exact because the beginning
point is later than Christianity, however the pattern
and restoration events are the same.
Separation of Religious and Political Leadership
At the close of the Period of Judges, the Prophet Samuel anointed
Saul and made him the first king of Israel. Following Saul,
were King David and King Solomon who each reigned for 40 years,
bringing the duration of the United Jewish Kingdom to 120
years. The loss of the United Jewish Kingdom was restored
in Islam through the United Islamic Kingdom and in the Christianity
through the United Christian Kingdom.
of Religious and Political Leadership
Thus, as Prophet Samuel anointed Saul King, Pople Leo III
crowned Charlemagne as the first emperor (king) of the united
Christian Empire, comonly known as the "Holy Roman
Empire". Through this, the prevous responsibilities
held solely by the pope, were distributed over two positions:
the king being responsible for economical, political and
military interests while the pope was responsible to guide
the religious and spiritual development of the Empire.
|In the period of the
United Christian Kingdom, all the conditions belonging
to the period of the United Jewish Kingdom had to be
restored. Consequently, the central figure to restore
through indemnity the foundation of faith had to ba
a king, reflecting the position of kingship from the
earlier Jewish period.
|While the Islamic Kingdom prospered and expanded
under the Umayyad monarchs, so also the Christian Kingdom
prospered and expanded under the leadership of Charemagne.
Through uniting the existing Christian nations and through
expanding Christianity across most of Europe, Charlemagne
was able to establish a vast empire. During his reign education,
the arts, architecture and new idealistic concepts became
significant for the first time in Christian culture.
|Islamic Separation of
Religious and Political Leadership
With the tragic death of Ali and the accession of Mu'awiya
(the shrewd governor of Syria), the age of the Caliphs came
to an end. The highest position of power (caliphate) now changed
in purpose from that of guiding the establishment of a God-centered
Islamic World to worldly, political dynastic rule. For about
a century (661-750 A.D.) the Umayyad Dynasty ruled as caliphs
from the new moslem capital they established in Damascus.
During this time, Mecca and Medina remained the religious
centers of Islam, while the political and military focus of
Moslem power shifted to the crossroads of the Near East (Damascus).
Just as Hebrew life grew and flowered under the century long
reigns of Saul, David and Solomon, the Islamic civilization
prospered and greatly expanded under the Umayyad monarchs.
Following the pattern of Saul and David being soldier-statesmen,
the Umayyad caliphs pushed the Muslim armies to establish
a vast Islamic Empire, bordering France, North Africa, India,
China and Russia. The period ot the United Islamic Kingdom
gradually created an Islamic civilization famed for it's medicine,
poetry, architecture, jurisprudence, philosophy, arabesque
designs, calligraphy and mysticism.
Since in both,
Christianity and Islam the responsibilities of leadership
(religious/spiritual and economic/political) were divided
between two positons it was essential that these two positions
co-operate and unite around the common goal of establishing
a new world centered on God and His principles revealed
by both Jesus and Prophet Mohammad. Through such unity within
both the vast empires of both would have developed pure
and been ready to receive and follow the True Parents in
the Last Days. Upon such a foundation of unity the True
Parents would have come to the world, would have guided
the Islamic and Christian Kingdoms to
unite as one vast empire centered on God and thus established
the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth. However, because this unity
did not take place and because the fallen nature of selfish
greed caused the successful political and economical expansion
to become centered on selfish gains, rather than God's purpose
a foundation to receive the True Parents wasn't established
and God consequently divided both Kingdoms.