The Renaissance emphasized
the humanistic, individualistic, and realistic outlooks
on life. The Renaissance viewpoint stressed judgement by
reason rather than blind acceptance of church tradition
or customs. It emphasized the present earthly life and the
beauty of nature. Technology, invention, anatomy, medicine,
and astronomy were the major concerns of the Renaissance
scientists. Their investigations prepared the way for the
development of modern science in the 17th century, first
by their successful attack on the abstract and deductive
late medieval philosophy and second by their emphasis on
this phylsical world and the life of the senses. Many new
inventions such as the printing press, magnetic compass,
and gunpowder exerted great influence on human lifestyle.
Protest Against the Christian
The introduction of Greek classics into the West stimulated
scholars and even educated layment to learn Greek. As they
read the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament they began
to see discrepancies between the words and works of Jesus
and the theology and practice of the Roman Catholic Church.
As the growing middle class became more independent financially
and develolped greater selfconfidence in their ability to
meet life's problems, they desired to free themselves from
the strict rule of the Church. Thus the corruption of the
Church, the rediscovery of a deeper understanding of Jesus'
teachings, the rapid growth of a self supporting middle
class, and the materialism, self-indulgence and power-politics
of the Renaissance provided an atmosphere which encouraged
the Christian commom man to question and criticize the manners
and morals of the Christian Church leadership. The Renaissance
in short was an anti-clerical movement that was reacting
against the Church's corruption.
Because of the social environment
of the feudal system and the secular degradation of Roman
Catholicism in the medieval ages, the original nature of
the average Christian was restrained and it's free development
was restricted. Faith or the spiritual path each human must
walk to have a close relationship with God can only be realized
by a vertical and/or inner relationship directly between
an individual and God. The intervention of the Pope and
Priests between individuals and God, together with formal
religious ceremonies and laws fettered the religious freedom
of that age, while the strict system of the feudalistic
classes restrained each human's independent religious activity.
Besides the buying and selling of the priesthood and the
exploitation of the people by the priests, these religious
leaders lives inclined to be very luxurious and hedonistic.
Because of this, these religious leaders were more like
the authorities of a general materialistic society and consequently
unable to lead the common Christian to God, but led them
more in the direction of evil influence or domination. Medieval
men, who were under the bondage of such an environment moved
spontaneously in the direction of destroying this barrier
between them and God by breaking down the restrictive environment.
This first took place externally and then internally.
Restoration of Humankind's
God's sequence of creation is from one to many, from simple
to complex and from outward to inward. The universe which
is the outward environment was created before mankind was
created. In the creation of humans the flesh was made first
followed by the creation of the spirit. In the course of
God's re-creation work, the principle remains the same,
that is the outward re-creation occurs before the the inward
does. Thus, according to God's principle of creation from
outward to inward the outward environment of humanity must
be restored before inward restoration can take place, specifically
the improvement of our physical environment or situation.
This means before the True Parents could come to guide humanity
through the Completion Stage, the material world must be
developed and prepared. Towards this ends the Renaissance
with its tendency towards rational thought and enthusiastic
investigation of the natural world greatly helped to prepare
a foundation for the progressive development of the outward
environment of humanity.
Beginning Point of Modern
Besides preparing the way
for the modern scientific age, the Renaissance also had
an adverse effect because it gave rise to non-God-centered
philosophies such as those of Machiavelli, Chaucer and Rabelais,
with an emphasis on "this life" or the material
world. Medieval people also came to study the classics of
Hellenism which had it's origin in Greece. The old spirit
of Hellas was an external pursuit of man's original nature
- the pursuit of human freedom, the independence of personality,
the dignity of human intellect and reason, the estimation
of nature, the emphasis on reality and the exaltation of
science. This movement to restore Hellenism occured with
great ardor because it agreed with the desire of the oppressed
Christian's original God-centered nature. This movement
developed into what is called humanism.
In addition to producing
a Cain-like philosophy, the Renaissance gave stimulus to
the revolution of the churches which resulted in an Abel-like
philosophy. In opposition to the atheistic Cain-like philosophies
a new and more concise religious thought came about through
the Church Reformation.